Windows Forms: How to Check SQL Server Connection in C#

How to check for database availability in C#

Step 1Click New Project, then select Visual C# on the left, then Windows and then select Windows Forms Application. Name your project "DynamicallyConnectionString" and then click OK

c# connection stringStep 2: Design your form as below

connection string in c#

Step 3: Add a connection string to the app.config file as below

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="cn" connectionString="Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=Northwind;User ID=sa;[email protected]?;" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient"/>
  </connectionStrings>
</configuration>

Step 4: Create an AppSetting class to get the connection string in the app.config file

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace DynamicallyConnectionString
{
    public class AppSetting
    {
        Configuration config;

        public AppSetting()
        {
            config = ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(ConfigurationUserLevel.None);
        }

        //Read connection string
        public string GetConnectionString(string key)
        {
            return config.ConnectionStrings.ConnectionStrings[key].ConnectionString;
        }

        //Save connection string
        public void SaveConnectionString(string key,string value)
        {
            config.ConnectionStrings.ConnectionStrings[key].ConnectionString = value;
            config.ConnectionStrings.ConnectionStrings[key].ProviderName = "System.Data.SqlClient";
            config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Modified);
        }
    }
}

Step 5: Create a SqlHelper class to check connection to sql server

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace DynamicallyConnectionString
{
    public class SqlHelper
    {
        SqlConnection cn;
        public SqlHelper(string connectionString)
        {
            cn = new SqlConnection(connectionString);
        }

        public bool IsConnection
        {
            get
            {
                if (cn.State == System.Data.ConnectionState.Closed)
                    cn.Open();
                return true;
            }
        }
    }
}

Step 6: Add code to handle your form as below

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace DynamicallyConnectionString
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void btnConnect_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            string connectionString = string.Format("Data Source={0};Initial Catalog={1};User ID={2};Password={3};", cboServer.Text, txtDatabase.Text, txtUsername.Text, txtPassword.Text);
            try
            {
                SqlHelper helper = new SqlHelper(connectionString);
                if (helper.IsConnection)
                    MessageBox.Show("Test connection succeeded.", "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
            }
            catch(Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
            }
        }

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            //Add server name to combobox
            cboServer.Items.Add(".");
            cboServer.Items.Add("(local)");
            cboServer.Items.Add(@".\SQLEXPRESS");
            cboServer.Items.Add(string.Format(@"{0}\SQLEXPRESS", Environment.MachineName));
            cboServer.SelectedIndex = 3;
        }        
    }
}

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