ASP.NET MVC: Create Custom Routes

This article will show you How to Create a Custom Route in ASP.NET Identity MVC 5 using C# and Entity Framework Code First

ASP.NET routing enables you to use URLs that do not have to map to specific files in a web site. Routing is the process of directing an HTTP request to a controller and the functionality of this processing is implemented in System.Web.Routing

Create a TestController, then add Action1, Action2, Action3, Action4 to the TestController

public class TestController : Controller
{
    // GET: Test
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        return View();
    }

    public ActionResult Action1(int id)//default parameter id, you don't need to add to RouteConfig class
    {
        return View();
    }

    public ActionResult Action2(int id, string role)//You need to add a route to RouteConfig class
    {
        return View();
    }

    public ActionResult Action3(int index)//Add to RouteConfig class
    {
        return View();
    }

    public ActionResult Action4(int page, string role)//Add to RouteConfig class
    {
        return View();
    }
}

Open RouteConfig class, then add routes

public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
{
    routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");
    routes.MapRoute("Test/Action3", "Test/Action3/{index}", new { controller = "Test", action = "Action3", index = UrlParameter.Optional });
    routes.MapRoute("Test/Action2", "Test/Action2/{role}/{id}", new { controller = "Test", action = "Action2", role = UrlParameter.Optional, id = UrlParameter.Optional });
    routes.MapRoute("Test/Action4", "Test/Action4/{role}/{page}", new { controller = "Test", action = "Action4", page = UrlParameter.Optional, role = UrlParameter.Optional });
    routes.MapRoute(
        name: "Default",
        url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
        defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
    );
}

For example: http://foxlearn.com/Product/Details/1

The default route maps this URL to the following parameters:

+ controller = Product

+ action = Details

id = 1

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