Windows Forms: Insert Update Delete View data from SQL Database using 3 Tier Architecture in C#

By FoxLearn 6/18/2017 10:15:24 AM   12.74K
How to Insert, Update, Delete and View Student Profile data from SQL database using 3 Tier Architecture, Dapper ORM, Autofac, Stored Procedure, Metro Framework in C#

Step 1Click New Project, then select Visual C# on the left, then Windows and then select Windows Forms Application. Name your project "CRUD" and then click OK

crud-ado-net

Select Class Library, then create CRUD.Core and CRUD.DataAccess project

Step 2: Right click on your project select Manage NuGet Packages -> Search metro framework, autofac -> Install

install metro framework

Similarly, you need to install dapper to CRUD.DataAccess project

If you don't see the metro framework in your toolbox, you can view How to download and install metro framework

Step 3: Design metro form as below

insert update delete view data using sql database

Step 4: You should create a new database, then add a student table to your database

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Students](
    [StudentID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [FullName] [nvarchar](100) NULL,
    [Birthday] [varchar](10) NULL,
    [Gender] [bit] NULL,
    [Email] [varchar](100) NULL,
    [Address] [nvarchar](250) NULL,
    [ImageUrl] [varchar](250) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Students] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
    [StudentID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]

Create a stored procedure to insert, update data to student table

create procedure [dbo].[sp_Students_Update]
(
    @StudentID int output,
    @FullName nvarchar(100),
    @Birthday varchar(10),
    @Gender bit,
    @Email varchar(100),
    @Address nvarchar(250),
    @ImageUrl varchar(250)
)
as
    update Students set FullName = @FullName, Birthday = @Birthday, Gender = @Gender, Email = @Email, [Address] = @Address, ImageUrl = @ImageUrl
    where StudentID = @StudentID
   
go
   
create procedure [dbo].[sp_Students_Insert]
(
    @StudentID int output,
    @FullName nvarchar(100),
    @Birthday varchar(10),
    @Gender bit,
    @Email varchar(100),
    @Address nvarchar(250),
    @ImageUrl varchar(250)
)
as
    insert into Students(FullName, Birthday, Gender, Email, [Address], ImageUrl)
    values(@FullName, @Birthday, @Gender, @Email, @Address, @ImageUrl)
    set @StudentID = SCOPE_IDENTITY()

Step 5: Add a student class to CRUD.Core project

public class Student
{
    public int StudentID { get; set; }
    public string FullName { get; set; }
    public string Birthday { get; set; }
    public string Email { get; set; }
    public string Address { get; set; }
    public string ImageUrl { get; set; }
    public bool Gender { get; set; }
}

Create an IStudentRepository interface to process your business

public interface IStudentRepository
{
    List<Student> GetAll();
    int Insert(Student obj);
    bool Update(Student obj);
    bool Delete(int studentId);
}

Create an EntityState to manage your object state

public enum EntityState
{
    Unchanged,
    Added,
    Changed,
    Deleted
}

Step 6: Add code to handle access sql database to CRUD.DataAccess project

You should create a Helper class to get connection string from the app.config file, then add a reference to System.Configuration.dll

using System.Configuration;

namespace CRUD.DataAccess
{
    public class Helper
    {
        public static string ConnectionString => ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["cn"].ConnectionString;
    }
}

Create a StudentRepository class, then implement IStudentRepository interface

using CRUD.Core;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Dapper;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

namespace CRUD.DataAccess
{
    public class StudentRepository : IStudentRepository
    {
        public bool Delete(int studentId)
        {
            using (IDbConnection db = new SqlConnection(Helper.ConnectionString))
            {
                if (db.State == ConnectionState.Closed)
                    db.Open();
                //Execute query to delete data from sql database
                int result = db.Execute("delete from Students where StudentID = @StudentID", new { StudentID = studentId }, commandType: CommandType.Text);
                return result != 0;
            }
        }

        public List<Student> GetAll()
        {
            using (IDbConnection db = new SqlConnection(Helper.ConnectionString))
            {
                if (db.State == ConnectionState.Closed)
                    db.Open();
                //Execute query to retrieve data from sql database
                return db.Query<Student>("select *from Students", commandType: CommandType.Text).ToList();                
            }
        }

        public int Insert(Student obj)
        {
            using (IDbConnection db = new SqlConnection(Helper.ConnectionString))
            {
                if (db.State == ConnectionState.Closed)
                    db.Open();
                DynamicParameters p = new DynamicParameters();
                p.Add("@StudentID", dbType: DbType.Int32, direction: ParameterDirection.Output);
                p.AddDynamicParams(new { FullName = obj.FullName, Email = obj.Email, Address = obj.Address, Gender = obj.Gender, Birthday = obj.Birthday, ImageUrl = obj.ImageUrl });
                //Execute stored procedure to insert data, then get output parameter
                db.Execute("sp_Students_Insert", p, commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
                return p.Get<int>("@StudentID");
            }
        }

        public bool Update(Student obj)
        {
            using (IDbConnection db = new SqlConnection(Helper.ConnectionString))
            {
                if (db.State == ConnectionState.Closed)
                    db.Open();
                //Execute stored procedure to update data
                int result = db.Execute("sp_Students_Update", new { StudentID = obj.StudentID, FullName = obj.FullName, Email = obj.Email, Address = obj.Address, Gender = obj.Gender, Birthday = obj.Birthday, ImageUrl = obj.ImageUrl }, commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
                return result != 0;
            }
        }
    }
}

Step 7: Create a StudentService class to CRUD.Service project

You should install autofac, then add references to CRUD.Core and CRUD.DataAccess project

using Autofac;
using CRUD.Core;
using CRUD.DataAccess;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace CRUD.Services
{
    public class StudentService
    {
        static IContainer _container;
        static StudentService()
        {
            ContainerBuilder builder = new ContainerBuilder();
            //Set builder pattern
            builder.RegisterType<StudentRepository>().As<IStudentRepository>();
            _container = builder.Build();
        }

        public static bool Delete(int studentId)
        {
            return _container.Resolve<IStudentRepository>().Delete(studentId);
        }

        public static List<Student> GetAll()
        {
            return _container.Resolve<IStudentRepository>().GetAll();
        }

        public static Student Save(Student obj, EntityState state)
        {
            if (state == EntityState.Added)
                obj.StudentID = _container.Resolve<IStudentRepository>().Insert(obj);
            else
                _container.Resolve<IStudentRepository>().Update(obj);
            return obj;
        }
    }
}

Step 8: Add a connection string to the app.config file in CURD project, then add code to handle your form as below

App.Config file

<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name = "cn" connectionString="Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=dbstudent;User ID=sa;Password=123@qaz;" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient"/>
  </connectionStrings>
</configuration>

Form1

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using CRUD.Core;
using CRUD.Services;

namespace CRUD
{
    public partial class Form1 : MetroFramework.Forms.MetroForm
    {
        EntityState objState = EntityState.Unchanged;
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void btnBrowse_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            using (OpenFileDialog ofd = new OpenFileDialog() { Filter = "JPEG|*.jpg|PNG|*.png", ValidateNames = true })
            {
                if (ofd.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
                {
                    //Read image from file, then load to picture box
                    pic.Image = Image.FromFile(ofd.FileName);
                    Student obj = studentBindingSource.Current as Student;
                    if (obj != null)
                        obj.ImageUrl = ofd.FileName;
                }
            }
        }

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                //Call student service to get data
                studentBindingSource.DataSource = StudentService.GetAll();
                pContainer.Enabled = false;
                Student obj = studentBindingSource.Current as Student;
                if (obj != null)
                {
                    if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(obj.ImageUrl))
                        pic.Image = Image.FromFile(obj.ImageUrl);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, ex.Message, "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
            }
        }

        private void btnAdd_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            objState = EntityState.Added;
            pic.Image = null;
            pContainer.Enabled = true;
            //Add a new student to binding source
            studentBindingSource.Add(new Student());
            studentBindingSource.MoveLast();
            txtFullName.Focus();
        }

        private void btnCancel_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            pContainer.Enabled = false;
            studentBindingSource.ResetBindings(false);
            this.Form1_Load(sender, e);
        }

        private void btnEdit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            objState = EntityState.Changed;
            pContainer.Enabled = true;
            txtFullName.Focus();
        }

        private void metroGrid_CellClick(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                Student obj = studentBindingSource.Current as Student;
                if (obj != null)
                {
                    if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(obj.ImageUrl))
                        pic.Image = Image.FromFile(obj.ImageUrl);
                }
            }
            catch(Exception ex)
            {
                MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, ex.Message, "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
            }
        }

        private void btnDelete_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            objState = EntityState.Deleted;
            if (MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, "Are you sure want to delete this record?", "Message", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo, MessageBoxIcon.Question) == DialogResult.Yes)
            {
                try
                {
                    Student obj = studentBindingSource.Current as Student;
                    if (obj != null)
                    {
                        //Call student service to delete data
                        bool result = StudentService.Delete(obj.StudentID);
                        if (result)
                        {
                            studentBindingSource.RemoveCurrent();
                            pContainer.Enabled = false;
                            pic.Image = null;
                            objState = EntityState.Unchanged;
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, ex.Message, "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
                }
            }
        }

        private void btnSave_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                studentBindingSource.EndEdit();
                Student obj = studentBindingSource.Current as Student;
                if (obj != null)
                {
                    //Call student service to save data, auto detect insert & update based on entity state
                    obj = StudentService.Save(obj, objState);
                    metroGrid.Refresh();
                    pContainer.Enabled = false;
                    objState = EntityState.Unchanged;
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MetroFramework.MetroMessageBox.Show(this, ex.Message, "Message", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error);
            }
        }

        private void chkGender_CheckStateChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (chkGender.CheckState == CheckState.Checked)
                chkGender.Text = "Female";
            else if (chkGender.CheckState == CheckState.Unchecked)
                chkGender.Text = "Male";
            else
                chkGender.Text = "???";
        }
    }
}

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