How to optimize jQuery code

By FoxLearn 7/3/2024 2:25:46 AM   33
Optimizing jQuery code includes a number of best practices to ensure your code is efficient, readable, and performs well.

Here are some tips to optimize your jQuery script.

1. Minimize DOM Selections

You should cache jQuery selectors in variables if you're using them multiple times, rather than querying the DOM repeatedly.

// Bad
$('.myClass').css('color', 'red');
$('.myClass').addClass('active');

// You should modify your code
var $myElements = $('.myClass');
$myElements.css('color', 'red');
$myElements.addClass('active');

2. Chain your jQuery functions most as possible

Chain jQuery methods where possible to reduce overhead from multiple function calls.

// Bad
$("#myElement").addClass('active');
$("#myElement").css('color', 'red');

// Chained method calls
$('#myElement').addClass('active').css('color', 'red');

3. Minify your javascript files and combine them in 1 file

It helps you speed up script loading,  so you spend more milliseconds for the script to be executed.

4. Event Delegation

Use event delegation with .on() for dynamically created elements or for better performance with large numbers of elements.

// Bad
$('.myClass').click(function() {
    // Event handler
});

// Good
$(document).on('click', '.myClass', function() {
    // Event handler
});

5. Use the native for method instead $.each

var array = [];
for (var i=0; i<1000; i++) {
    array[i] = i;
}

6. Use a limited area to search

When using a class selector, you should give a limited area to search for it.

// bad
$(".myClass");

// Good
$(".myClass","#myClass-container");

7 Use Native JavaScript

Where applicable, use native JavaScript methods (querySelector, addEventListener) instead of jQuery for better performance.

8. Use jQuery Slim Build

Consider using the slim version of jQuery (jquery.slim.min.js) which excludes Ajax and effects modules if you do not need them, reducing file size.

<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.6.0.slim.min.js"></script>

9. Lazy Loading

Load jQuery asynchronously or at the bottom of your HTML to prevent blocking rendering.

<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.6.0.min.js" integrity="sha384-MCw98/SFnGE8fJT3GXwEOngsVQUB8qq/dW+8E3ajXo4FjBSaqz3X8GY5lDDvD9Wm" crossorigin="anonymous" defer></script>

Through this post, i hope so you can optimize your jQuery code for better performance, maintainability, and efficiency.